A great deal of psychology information lends itself to organization on flash cards, in running concept lists, matrices, hierarchical maps, and flow charts. Each of these approaches is discussed and illustrated in this section.
Flash cards are used to organize terms and definitions, people and contributions, lists, illustrations, and other types of psychology information (D. Applegate, CAL).
Running Concept Lists
Another good way to organize psychology information is running concept lists. The information may be organized according to subject/topic, chapter, or type of information. Examples of running concept lists are shown below (D. Applegate, CAL).
Matrices or tables are particularly useful for organizing large amounts of information or for summarizing the similarities and/or differences between two or more items. Two examples are given here.
INSTRUMENTAL METHODS FOR CHANGING BEHAVIOR
(Seamon and Kenrick, 1994, p. 199)
SCHOOLS OF PSYCHOLOGY
Hierarchical maps are used to organize superordinate (general) and subordinate (specific) information in psychology. Information may be organized top-down, as in the example below, or from left to right. The following hierarchical map covers the two human nervous systems and their divisions.
Flow charts may be used to organize processual information in psychology, such as the flow charts for the scientific method and for calculating sample averages shown below (D. Applegate, CAL).