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Electronic Reserves Information for Faculty

What are Electronic Reserves?
Electronic reserves, also called E-Reserves, are placed online and made available through the Muskingum Library catalog. Students can retrieve reserves anytime from any place where they have Internet access. E-Reserves are downloadable and printable.

Electronic reserves can be integrated with Blackboard or any web interface.

Who can put items on E-Reserves?
Participation in e-reserves is open to any instructor at Muskingum University.

How many items can I place on E-Reserves?
There are no limits to the number of materials that may be placed on e-reserves.

What materials can I place on E-Reserves?
Please see our E-Reserves Policy for full information. The Library follows the Fair Use provisions from Section 107 of the United States Copyright Act of 1976.

Here are a few examples of items that normally qualify under the Fair Use provisions:

  • One chapter from a book; or one article from a journal, magazine, or newspaper issue that has not been placed on E-Reserve the previous semester.
  • Course syllabi, lecture notes, exams, homework, or other assignments created by the instructor.
  • Government documents.
  • All items in the public domain.
  • Materials for which the instructor or institution holds or has copyright permission.
  • Electronic books, articles, recordings, and videos available online through OhioLINK.
  • Internet resources, provided URLs can be placed on e-reserves.

The following materials cannot be placed on e-reserves without obtaining copyright permission and / or paying royalties:

  • Multiple chapters from the same book; or multiple articles from the same journal, magazine, or newspaper issue. Even though the library may own a book or journal, e-reserves are still limited to one chapter or one article.
  • Articles from a journal, magazine, or newspaper placed on e-reserves for more than one consecutive semester.
  • Chapters from a book placed on e-reserves for more than one consecutive semester.
  • Workbooks and anthologies
  • Course packets (including journal articles or book chapters in the course packet).
  • Out-of-print books, unless all attempts have been made to purchase a copy of the book through out-of-print or reprint dealers, publisher, or copyright owner.

What do I do if an item does not qualify as Fair Use?
If an item does not qualify as Fair Use, the library must have permission in the form of a signed letter from the copyright holder. Instructors will be responsible for obtaining copyright permission and for any royalty fees that may be assessed. The library is happy to help instructors through this process, but will not be ultimately responsible for securing copyright.

How Do I Place Items on E-Reserves?

1. Complete one of the following forms:

2. Return the completed forms with the files to be put on e-reserves to the Circulation Desk in the Library.

How Long Does it Take?
Electronic reserves are processed within seven to ten days.

Please indicate on the submission form the date when documents need to be available for student access. If items are needed sooner than seven days, please indicate the date needed on the form and contact Nicole Arnold so your request can be processed more quickly. Submission forms missing a date or marked "ASAP" are processed within seven to ten days.

A confirmation e-mail will be sent to your Muskingum account once your e-reserves are available.

How Do Students Access E-Reserves?
Students access them through the E-Reserves link found at the top of every page on the Library's web site.

Students must use the barcode number on their student ID and a course password to access readings. The course password will remain constant throughout the semester, but will change each semester. Please advise students of the password.

Who do I contact if I have questions?
Nicole Arnold at or (740) 826-8154.

Fair Use (Title 17, §107)
Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include:

  • the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;
  • the nature of the copyrighted work;
  • the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
  • the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.

The fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is made upon consideration of all the above factors.

NOTICE: The Library reserves the right to refuse placing items on electronic reserves that it feels violates the Fair Use provisions without obtaining copyright permission. It also reserves the right to remove items for which the publisher or copyright owner has requested removal.


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