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Logo The content below is information specific to this academic programs's fields of interest.

Course Descriptions

Each student majoring in Environmental Science will complete:

  1. The Core Courses
  2. The Environmental Applications
  3. The Group I Electives
  4. One track of specialization in either Biology, Chemistry, or Social Science and the accompanying electives for that track

Listed below are course descriptions for the Core Courses and the Environmental Applications. For a complete list of all Environmental Science Curriculum, please go to the Major Requirements page.

For descriptions of electives or Environmental Science track courses, please use the following link to access the Muskingum University online catalog.

Core Courses

BIO 106, Contemporary Biologic Issues, Environmental Science
Co-requisite: 107
Environmental Science examines the basic principles of evolution, ecology, and population biology. These principles lay the groundwork for a detailed look at world biodiversity, conservation, sustainable resource use, and anthropogenic-based water and air pollution.


BIO 111/107, Organismal Biology II
Co-requisite: 107
Studies the principles of biological evolution; examines the defining characteristics of all of the major animal phyla and introduces the major principles of ecology and animal behavior.

BIO 112, Organismal Biology II

Co-requisite: 108
Studies the structure and function of various organ systems in vertebrates. Examples from invertebrates used to emphasize diversity, adaptability, and evolution.

BIO 108, Biology Laboratory II (Co-requisite for and BIO 112)
A laboratory course that utilizes observation and experimentation to study the structure and function of various organs and organ systems in vertebrates.

CHEM 111, 112, General Chemistry I, II
Serve as foundation courses for the areas of physical, analytical, inorganic, organic, and biochemistry. Emphasis will be placed on the topics of atomic structure, periodicity, stoichiometry, bonding, thermochemistry, kinetics, equilibria and electrochemistry. The companion laboratories focus on standard and instrumental laboratory methodologies with experiments chosen to illustrate key topics from lecture.

CHEM 235, Environmental Chemistry
Prerequisite: CHEM 112
Focuses on the study of current environmental problems including acid rain, ozone depletion, global climate change, urban air pollution, and ground water contamination. Laboratory work will emphasize concepts of special importance in environmental chemistry as well as field sampling and analysis.

GEOL 101, Introduction to Geology

Studies forces, processes, and events which have shaped our physical environment. Laboratory and field trips.


GEOL 110, Environmental Geology
Focuses on the interaction between humans and geologic environment. Geologic phenomena such as flooding, volcanoes, earthquakes, shoreline erosion, and soil erosion are examined. Environmental problems to be discussed include groundwater pollution, geologic constraints on sewage and solid waste disposal, resource utilization, acid rain, and the greenhouse effect. Students gain a strong understanding of how geology influences many of these environmental problems. Laboratory and field trips.

GEOL 104, Earth History

Prerequisite: GEOL 101 or 110
Studies the methods and principles employed in deciphering the geologic history of the earth and the development of life. Emphasis is upon the geological evolution of the North American continent and the main features of the fossil record. Laboratory and field trips.

MATH 140, Practical Statistics
Prerequisite: MATH 100 or ACT Math 18 or higher or SAT Math 471 or higher
Is an introduction to statistical ideas, reasoning, and methods with the goal of equipping students with the ability to carry out common statistical calculations and procedures in order to be able to understand how statistical concepts are applied in other fields of study and by future employers.

BUSI 325, Statistics
Cross listed as ECON 325
Is concerned with the analysis of data and application of the principles of probability theory, decision theory, and statistical inference to the analysis of business and economic data. Emphasis is placed on the construction of economic models in order to gain an understanding of business and government.


PSYC 232, Behavioral Statistics
Deals with experimental design, statistical analysis, and the mathematics of probability as they are related to the scientific analysis of behavior.

PHEN 121, Classical Physics I
Recommended Co-requisites:  MATH 190 for PHEN 121.
Is for science and engineering majors: a calculus-based presentation of kinematics, mechanics, and thermodynamics in the first semester. Three hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory.


PHEN 101, Conceptual Physics
Prerequisite: High school algebra
Is a conceptual-based introduction to classical physics. Topics include mechanics, properties of matter, thermodynamics, waves, sound, electricity, magnetism, and optics. Three hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory.

Environmental Applications

EVSC 121, Environmental Issues
Involves presentation and discussion of selected topics of importance in environmental science. This course, permits students to explore this broad field through general readings and discussion.

EVSC 421, Topics in Environmental Science
Prerequisite: Environmental science major core completed or consent of major advisor.
Is a seminar course, which explores in detail, through reading and discussion recently published reports and topics in the field. Environmental Science majors must take the course for at least one credit. May be taken for additional credit.

EVSC 422, Advanced Internship in Environmental Science
Prerequisite: Junior standing, core completed, prior approval of internship.
Requires the successful completion of a minimum of 120 hours during either a semester or a summer as an intern in an environmentally-related situation.


EVSC 428, Environmental Science Senior Research
Prerequisite: Environmental Science major with senior standing
Involves laboratory, field, and/or library research on a topic related to environmental science. The project will be selected in consultation with a faculty member and will involve a literature search and experimental work.